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各行业各学科实用英语单词汇总

来源:未知 编辑:admin 时间:2022-05-15 23:33
导读:StateAdministrationforTaxation国家税务总局LocalTaxationbureau地方税务局BusinessTax营业税

    State Administration for Taxation 国家税务总局

  Local Taxation bureau 地方税务局

  Business Tax 营业税

  Individual Income Tax 个人所得税

  Income Tax for Enterprises企业所得税

  Income Tax for Enterprises with Foreign Investment and Foreign Enterprises外商投资企业和外国企业所得税

  tax returns filing 纳税申报

  taxes payable 应交税金

  the assessable period for tax payment 纳税期限

  the timing of tax liability arising 纳税义务发生时间

  consolidate reporting 合并申报

  the local competent tax authority 当地主管税务机关

  the outbound business activity 外出经营活动

  Tax Inspection Report 纳税检查报告

  tax avoidance 逃税

  tax evasion 避税

  tax base 税基

  refund after collection 先征后退

  withhold and remit tax 代扣代缴

  collect and remit tax 代收代缴

  income from authors remuneration 稿酬所得

  income from remuneration for personal service 劳务报酬所得

  income from lease of property 财产租赁所得

  income from transfer of property 财产转让所得

  contingent income 偶然所得

  resident 居民

  non-resident 非居民

  tax year 纳税年度

  temporary trips out of 临时离境

  flat rate 比例税率

  withholding income tax 预提税

  withholding at source 源泉扣缴

  State Treasury 国库

  tax preference 税收优惠

  the first profit-making year 第一个获利年度

  refund of the income tax paid on the reinvested amount 再投资退税

  export-oriented enterprise 出口型企业

  technologically advanced enterprise 先进技术企业

  Special Economic Zone 经济特区

日用百货

general merchandise

把油垢从锅上擦掉
scour grease from a pan
专业基础课
specialized core course
英语疑难词汇翻译
· 青少年犯罪 juvenile deliquency

· 轻水反应堆 light water reactor( LWR)

· 倾销 dump; dumping

· 抢跑 "false start, beat the gun"

· 敲竹杠 make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick

· 青藏高原 Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

· 抢得先机 take the preemptive opportunities

· 氢弹 hydrogen bomb

· 轻轨火车 light rail train

· 抢购 panic buying

· 切入点 point of penetration; breakthrough point

· 情商 emotion quotient (EQ)

· 侨务 affairs concerning nationals residing abroad

· 情有独钟 show special preference (favor) to …

· 侨胞 countrymen residing abroad

· 情感消费 emotional consumption

· 巧妇难为无米之炊 If you have no hand you can't make a One can't make bricks without straw.

· 翘尾巴 be cocky; get stuck-up

· 钦差大臣 imperial envoy; imperial commissioner

· 求大同,存小异 seek common ground on major question while reserving differences on minor ones

· 勤政廉政建设 keep government functionaries honest and industrious

· 勤工俭学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program

· 禽流感 bird flu

· 屈体 "jackknife, pike"

· 清明节 Pure Bright Festival; Tomb Sweeping Day

· 清算/结算 clearing /settlement

· 清算银行 clearing bank

· 清算公司 clearing corporation; liquidation company

· 清产核资 asset and capital verification

· 清洁能源 clean energy

· 侵吞公款 embezzle public funds/ embezzlement of public funds

· 洽谈会 "fair, meeting"

· 牵头人 initiator

· 千里之行始于足下 a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highest eminence is to be gained step by step

· 千禧婴儿 millennium infant; millennium baby

· 千年问题、千年虫 millennium bug

· 千代田寿险公司(日本) Chiyoda Mutual Life Insurance Co.

· 签约仪式 signing ceremony

· 钱袋子 fund sources

· 前事不忘,后事之师 Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future.

· 前人栽树,后人乘凉 One generation plants the trees in whose shade another generation One sows and another reaps.

· 前瞻性 perspectiveness

· 前怕狼,后怕虎 fear the wolf in front and the tiger behind/ hesitate in doing something

· 欠收(农业) crop failure

· 强龙难压地头蛇 Even a dragon (from the outside) finds it hard to control a snake in its old haunt - Powerful outsiders can hardly afford to neglect local bullies.

· 强力球(美国的全国性彩票) powerball

· 强强联手 win-win co-operation

· 强权外交 power diplomacy

· 强化班 intensive training class

· 亲民党 People First Party

· 区位商业 location-based commerce

· 区域经济 regional economies

· 取消禁运 lifting of embargo

· 圈外人士 people out of the loop

· 权力下放 delegate power to the lower levels; shift of power to the grassroots

· 权力法案 Bill of Rights

· 权益回报率 returns on equity (ROE)

· 权贵资本主义(又译裙带资本主义或亲朋好友资本主义) crony capitalism

· 全民健身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan

· 全面实施以德育为核心、以创新精神和实践能力为重点的素质教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity and practice

· 全面禁止和彻底销毁核武器 complete prohibition and thorough destruction nuclear weapons

· 全球移动通信系统(全球通) global system for mobile communications (GSM)

· 全球变暖 global warming

· 全球多边贸易体系 global system of multilateral trade

· 全球定位系统 global positioning system (GPS)

· 全天候 24-hour (service)

· 全天候飞机 all-weatehr aircraft

· 全优工程 all-round excellent project

· 全能冠军 all-around winner

· 全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy

· 全方位、多层次、宽领域的对外开放格局 all-dimensional, multitiered and wide-ranging opening pattern

· 全国人民代表大会 NPC (National People's Congress)

· 全国人口普查 nationwide census

· 全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City

· 全景电影 cinepanoramic

· 全资企业 exclusively-invested enterprises

· 拳头产品 competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster

· 券商 securities trader

· 裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence

· 裙带关系 networking through petticoat influence

· 群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely

· 起跑器 block

· 旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao

· 骑警 horseback police

· 企业形象 corporate image(CI)/ enterprise image

· 企业效益 performance of enterprises

· 企业上市 listing of a company

· 企业文化 corporate culture

· 企业重组 reshuffle of the enterprises

· 企业产权 property rights of enterprises

· 企业的自我约束机制 self-regulating mechanism of enterprises

· 企业孵化器 enterprise incubator

· 企业改制 restructuring of enterprise

· 企业兼并重组 annexation and reorganization of enterprises

· 企业集团 enterprise group

· 启动基金 initial funding

· 启发式教学 heuristic education

· 欺行霸市价格 forced quotation

· 期末存货 closing stock

· 期初存货 opening stock

· 期房 forward delivery housing

· 期货对冲交易 offsetting futures transactions

· 期货交易 deal in futures; futures business/trading; forward business

headteacher 班主任
a man of keen observation
观察力敏锐的人
lessor 出租人
lessee 承租人
neoteric and modern 近现代的
manifestation 表现形式
A dry red wine干红
announcement通告
law enforcement 执法部门
sniff technologies 嗅探技术
一些企业正在将网络设施作为额外业务流程和赚钱的应用系统的平台
demonstrating increasing sophistication 表现得越来越复杂
monetize network-based exploits and intrusions 用对网络的充份利用和入侵来赚钱
storage capacity 存储容量
真正源头——这使得
reconstruct 重建
propagating 扩散,传播
bricolage 利用手头东西制成的物品
ammeter 电表
Electric Power Transmission & transformation Company 送变电公司
人事沧桑
the instability of human affairs

人事心理学
personnel psychology

人事经理
personnel manager

人事管理
personnel management

人事主任
personnel director

人事往来
personnel contact

人事档案
personnel archives

人事行政
personnel administration

人事更迭
an interchange of personnel

人事助理
Assistant Personnel Officer

Hebei College of Traditional Chinese Medicine河北中医学院
warp 弯曲、歪斜
warranty 保证书,保单
warranty hae expired 过保修期
warranty period 质量保证期

wash 清洗,洗涤

wash-basin 洗手盆

wash board 洗衣板

term of service 保修期限

territory 范围,领土

terylene 涤纶(商品名)

tet 试验,测试


重置成本 replacement cost

成新率 newness rate
监事 supervisor

kinescope 显像管
agreement on contracted management
承包经营合同
managerial autonomy
renewal 续签
noninstallment 一次付清
be instinct with life and beauty
充满生命和美
加总 totalling
第一批待复的信件
the first batch of letters to be answere…………

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